Asthma

The 3 Types of Asthma

Allergy-induced Asthma

This type of asthma is triggered by airborne substances (allergens) such as pollen, pet dander, or mold spores. When these allergens enter the body, the immune system identifies them as a threat and responds by releasing antibodies. These antibodies cause the immune system cells to release chemicals that cause inflammation in the lungs.

Exercise-induced asthma

This type of asthma is triggered by strenuous exercise, which causes narrowing of the airways. Symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, and/or coughing after exercise. The medical term for this condition is exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (brong-koh-kun-STRIK-shun). People with this type of asthma can still continue to exercise and remain active by treating the symptoms with common asthma medications and taking preventive measures.

Occupational asthma

This type of asthma is caused by breathing in chemical fumes, gases, dust or other substances while working or being in an environment where you are frequently exposed to these substances. Being exposed to these substances can cause an allergic or immunological response. People with this type of asthma should try to avoid occupational triggers and seek treatment to reduce symptoms. Occupational asthma can cause permanent lung damage, disability, or death.

Regardless of the type of asthma you have, it is important to understand what the triggers are and ensure you have proper treatment available to keep your symptoms under control.

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